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LAST UPDATE : Tuesday, 2 June 2020 10:00 (CAT)

SITUATION IN NUMBERS

Sources: WHO & MOHCC ZIMBABWE


Total (new) cases in last 24 hours (2 June 2020)

Data as reported by national authorities by 08:00 CET 2 June 2020



Zimbabwe

203 confirmed (26) 4 deaths (4)


SURVEILLANCE


Screening and Diagnostic Tests done : 46 021


Days since last reported case: 1

Total new deaths: 0

Total deaths: 4

Recovered: 29

Transmission classification§:

96 cases - Harare

18 cases - Bulawayo

8 cases - Manicaland

3 cases - Mash Central

6 cases - Mash East

12 cases - Mash West

10 cases - Midlands

31 cases - Masvingo

3 cases - Mat North

16 cases - Mat South



Globally

6 057 853 cases (122 917) 371 166 deaths (4 000)

Africa

104 242 cases (3 632) 2 638 deaths (84)

Americas

2 817 232 cases (73 439) 160 514 deaths (2 812)

Eastern Mediterranean

520 137 cases (15 136) 12 627 deaths (274)

Europe

2 159 791 cases (17 244) 180 594 deaths (509)

South-East Asia

272 512 cases (11 933) 7 743 deaths (312)

Western Pacific

183 198 cases (1 533) 7 037 deaths (9)



WHO RISK ASSESSMENT

Global Level Very High


Situation Report – 133

Highlights WHO has published a case report form for suspected cases of multisystem inflammatory syndrome (MIS) in children and adolescents temporally related to COVID-19


During the last two weeks, WHO has delivered over 55 tons of health supplies by road to northeast Syria. These shipments contained equipment and medical supplies to treat many diseases, including COVID-19.


“Clean hands save lives” and “Applaud healthcare workers” campaigns celebrated in North Macedonia. Midwives and nurses were honored with applause, as over 500 healthcare professionals were awarded the “Clean hands” certificate of recognition by WHO.


Since the start of the pandemic, there has been an urgent need to accelerate the research and development of COVID-19 candidate vaccines. WHO has been supporting this effort. Currently over 120 candidate vaccines have been mapped and sites in 40 countries have expressed an interest to join the Vaccine Solidarity Trial.


WHO Situation Reports in detail


HIGHLIGHTS - SR100

• Globally, the number of total confirmed cases has exceeded 3 million.


• WHO has published a technical guidance titled ‘Strengthening Preparedness for COVID-19 in Cities and Urban Settings’. The guidance supports local leaders and policy-makers in cities and other urban settings in implementing actions that enhance the prevention, preparedness and readiness for COVID-19. The document can be found here.


• The WHO Regional Office for Europe has highlighted the critical importance of patient rehabilitation in light of the COVID-19 pandemic. More information is available here.


• WHO Regional Director for the Eastern Mediterranean Region, Dr. Ahmed AlMandhari, has called for ‘all to put aside their differences, find common ground, and work together for the sake of humanity’. More information is available here.


• The WHO Information Network for Epidemics (EPI-WIN) has rapidly built an innovative analysis capability to identify misleading sources, posts and narratives, and predict rising areas of concern and information voids.


HIGHLIGHTS - SR99

• WHO has published the ‘R&D Blueprint: COVID-19 Experimental Treatments’, which lists drug and non-drug experimental treatments for COVID-19. This can be found here.


• WHO has called on countries to ensure that usual immunization is maintained wherever possible and surveillance for vaccine-preventable diseases is not disrupted during the ongoing pandemic. The WHO Regional Office for Europe explores this in an article available here.


• WHO Director-General Dr. Tedros, in his regular media briefing yesterday, highlighted “As lockdowns in Europe ease with declining numbers of new cases, we continue to urge countries to find, isolate, test and treat all cases of COVID-19 and trace every contact, to ensure these declining trends continue”. More information is available here.


• WHO continues to source millions of dollars of medical equipment and supplies to help Member States access global markets, which are overwhelmed by unprecedented demand. WHO is also supporting design and installation of COVID19 treatment centres in a number of countries.


HIGHLIGHTS - SR98

• The WHO Regional Office for the Americas has published a document providing guidance regarding the operation of immunization programs in the context of the COVID-19 pandemic. More information is available here.


• The Ministry of Health, Consumer Affairs and Social Welfare of Spain has recently changed its criteria for reporting COVID-19 cases to include only those with positive polymerase chain reaction (PCR) test results. This has resulted in a retrospective decrease of 12,130 cases. Spain will continue to report only new PCR positive cases.


• An update on Emergency Medical Teams, the Global Health Cluster, the Global Outbreak Alert and Response Network, and Risk Communications and Community Engagement is provided in today’s ‘Subject in Focus’.


HIGHLIGHTS - SR97

• Public health systems are coming under severe strain as the COVID-19 pandemic continues. Countries must also continue to focus on other health emergencies and make progress against diseases such as malaria or poliomyelitis (polio). A new analysis on malaria supports the call to minimize disruptions to malaria prevention and treatment services during the COVID-19 pandemic. More information is available in the statement from the WHO Regional Office for Africa, the statement from the WHO Regional Office for the Americas and in details on the analysis.


• The WHO Regional Office for the Americas urges countries to strengthen vaccination against seasonal influenza and measles to prevent respiratory illness and vaccine-preventable disease outbreaks during the COVID-19 pandemic. More information is available here.


• The core protocol for therapeutics against COVID-19 has been published by the WHO R&D Blueprint Working Group. More information is available here.


• The WHO Regional Director for Europe has emphasized the need to build sustainable people-centred long-term care in the wake of COVID-19. More information is available here.


• The WHO Regional Office for Europe has published key considerations for the gradual easing of the lockdown restrictions introduced by many countries in response to the spread of COVID-19 across the European Region. More information is available here.


HIGHLIGHTS - SR96

• WHO, together with heads of state, global health leaders, private sector partners and other stakeholders launched the Access To COVID-19 Tools (ACT) Accelerator, a global collaboration to accelerate the development, production and equitable access to new COVID-19 diagnostics, therapeutics and vaccines. More information including the WHO Director General’s opening remarks, full list of participants, and the group’s statement, are available.


• Although some governments have suggested that the detection of antibodies to SARS-CoV-2, the virus that causes COVID-19, could serve as the basis for an “immunity passport” or “risk-free certificate”, there is currently no evidence that people who have recovered from COVID-19 and have antibodies are protected from a second infection. More information is available here.


• WHO has seen a dramatic increase in the number of cyber-attacks directed at its staff, and email scams targeting the public. WHO asks the public to remain vigilant against fraudulent emails and recommends using reliable sources to obtain factual information about COVID-19 and other health issues. More information is available here.


HIGHLIGHTS - SR95

• WHO has published an interim guidance ‘COVID-19 and Food Safety: Guidance for competent authorities responsible for national food safety control systems’. The guidance document provides advice and recommendations for national food safety authorities to optimize food control functions and prioritize critical services that preserve the integrity of food safety systems.


• WHO has published an interim guidance ‘Water, sanitation, hygiene, and waste management for the COVID-19 virus’. This interim guidance is the second edition and supplements existing infection prevention and control documents by summarizing the latest evidence on COVID-19 in water supplies and sanitation. It highlights WHO guidance on water, sanitation, hand hygiene and health care waste which is relevant for viruses (including coronaviruses).


• WHO’s Health Security Learning Platform offers a number of online courses to help enhance knowledge on specific issues related to the implementation of the International Health Regulations (2005). A new course, “Operational considerations for managing COVID-19 cases/outbreak in aviation”, is available and is the topic for today’s ‘Subject in Focus’, below.


HIGHLIGHTS - SR94

• The Global Outbreak Alert and Response Network (GOARN) has launched a GOARN COVID-19 Knowledge hub. The hub is designed as a central repository of quality public health information, guidance, tools and webinars which can be accessed freely at any point.


• WHO Director-General Dr. Tedros, in his regular media briefing yesterday, cautioned that “we have a long way to go. This virus will be with us for a long time”. He added that “the world cannot go back to the way things were. There must be a “new normal” – a world that is healthier, safer and better prepared”. His speech can be found here.


• WHO has published guidance ‘Addressing Human Rights as Key to the COVID-19 Response’. The guidance document highlights the importance of integrating a human rights-based approach into the COVID-19 response and highlights key considerations in relation to addressing stigma and discrimination, prevention of violence against women, support for vulnerable populations, quarantine and restrictive measures, and shortages of supplies and equipment.


• All available evidence for COVID-19 suggests that SARS-CoV-2 has a zoonotic source. Many researchers have been able to look at the genomic features of SARS-CoV-2 and have found that evidence does not support that SARS-CoV-2 is a laboratory construct. A constructed virus would show a mix of known elements within genomic sequences – this is not the case. For more details, please see ‘subject in focus’.


HIGHLIGHTS - SR93

• WHO is deeply saddened at the death of a member of personnel during a security incident in Rakhine district of Myanmar, who was transporting COVID19 surveillance samples in support of the Ministry of Health and Sports. WHO condemns targeting of health workers involved in the COVID-19 response. More information is available here.


• As of 22 April, Japan changed the method of reporting deaths, which now includes both the number of (i) deceased cases with complete data matching and verification; and (ii) deceased cases whose data matching and verification are in progress. The notable increase in the number of deaths reported from Japan can be attributed to this change.


• A WHO mission to Belarus has recommended the introduction of communitywide steps to increase physical distancing. More information is available here.


• OpenWHO has launched a new online course on Standard precautions: Hand hygiene. The module has been prepared to help summarize the WHO guidelines on hand hygiene, associated tools and ideas for effective implementation. To date, there has been more than 1.5 million enrolments in the platform's courses to support the COVID-19 response.


• The WHO Information Network for Epidemics (EPI-WIN) was launched at the beginning of the COVID-19 outbreak, specifically for infodemic management. For updates and more information, see the ‘Subject in Focus’ below.


• WHO issued guidance on Safe Ramadan practices in the context of COVID-19, which is available in Arabic, English, French, Russian and Spanish. For details, see the ‘Subject in Focus’ below.



HIGHLIGHTS - SR92

• No new country/territory/area reported cases of COVID-19 in the past 24 hours.


• WHO Director-General, Dr Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus, in his media briefing yesterday, thanked health ministers from the G20 countries for their support, as well as the support received from the G77 (that comprises 135 countries) and The Non-Aligned Movement (that comprises over 130 countries). He reiterated that WHO is committedto supporting all countries to save lives.


• WHO and Global Citizen’s “One World, Together at Home” concert in collaboration with Lady Gaga has been a great success and show of global friendship and solidarity. It has also raised US$55 million for WHO’s Solidarity Response Fund, which will be used to support countries to prevent, detect, and respond to the pandemic.


• As of 21 April, over 100 countries have joined the Solidarity Trial to evaluate therapeutics for COVID-19. The trial will compare four treatment options against local standard of care, to assess their relative effectiveness against COVID-19.


• WHO has published ‘International Guidelines for Certification and Classification (Coding) of COVID-19 as Cause of Death’, available here.


• During a virtual meeting convened by WHO, national regulatory authorities and national ethics committees across Africa agreed to combine their expertise to expedite clinical trial reviews and approvals.


• WHO continues to secure vital supply chains, set-up logistical hubs, and deliver critical supplies. For more see the ‘Subject in Focus’ below.



HIGHLIGHTS - SR91

• No new country/territory/area reported cases of COVID-19 in the past 24 hours.


• The urgent need for a COVID-19 vaccine underscores the pivotal role immunizations play in protecting lives and economies. Dr Hans Henri P. Kluge, WHO Regional Director for Europe, marking the European Immunization Week 2020, stressed ‘we must not, especially now, let down our guard on immunizations’. WHO and UNICEF have released a joint statement to mark European Immunization Week 2020, which is available here.


• WHO has published a brief on the use of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) in patients with COVID-19. Concerns have been raised that NSAIDs may be associated with an increased risk of adverse effects. However, as explained in the brief, at present there is no evidence of severe adverse effects. The brief is available here.


• WHO has recently published an updated strategy to help guide the public health response to COVID-19 which is available here, and is one of the topics for today’s ‘Subject in Focus’ below.


• An update on Emergency Medical Teams, the Global Health Cluster, the Global Outbreak Alert and Response Network, and Risk Communications and Community Engagement is also provided in today’s ‘Subject in Focus’ below.


Zimbabwe extends coronavirus lockdown by two weeks

President Emmerson Mnangagwa says 'hard decision' taken because country has not yet met WHO conditions to lift measure.

19 Apr 2020

https://www.aljazeera.com/news/2020/04/zimbabwe-extends-coronavirus-lockdown-weeks-200419152145245.html


Zimbabwe's government has extended a lockdown by two weeks to contain the spread of the coronavirus pandemic.

President Emmerson Mnangagwa said on Sunday the country had not yet met conditions set down by the World Health Organization (WHO) to lift the measure, imposed on March 20.


"It has been a very hard decision that my government has had to take reluctantly," he said in a televised address to the nation.

The lockdown has left many citizens without an income as the country is grappling with the worst economic crisis in a decade, marked by shortages of foreign exchange, food and medicines.

As of Sunday, the country has confirmed 25 coronavirus cases, including three deaths, but health professionals have expressed fears that many infections could be going undetected due to limited testing.

A lack of critical medical equipment and infrastructure shortages complicate the challenging situation, as years of underfunding and economic challenges have brought the country's health sector to its knees.

Mnangagwa said the the country has "witnessed a spike in the number of infections from single digits to the current 25."

"We are deeply worried that the virus is beginning to attack our children with more and more cases coming from local transmissions.” 

Mnangagwa said the government would allow mining companies, the country's top foreign currency earner, to resume full operations while manufacturers would work at limited capacity. Mining companies operating in Zimbabwe include local operations of Impala Platinum Holdings and Anglo American Platinum. 

He added that the government had embarked on expanding testing across the country to gauge the magnitude of the problem and isolate cases early on.


The lockdown has confined most people to their homes, but in poor townships, people are venturing out in search of staples like maize meal, leading to long queues at the shops.

In the capital, Harare, city council officials, with the help of police and soldiers, were on Sunday tearing down illegal market stalls used by informal traders in townships.

The action was strongly criticised by citizens in the country where more than 80 percent of the working population have no formal jobs and rely on the informal economy to make a living.

City authorities defended the move, saying it was necessary to restore order and that informal traders would be relocated to new and better facilities.

As part of measures to contain the spread of the coronavirus, the government has declared a state of national disaster and banned all public gatherings of more than 50 people for 60 days. Some of the banned gatherings include church services, weddings and all international sporting fixtures.

The government has also ordered the closure of schools and designated three hospitals as quarantine facilities.

SOURCE: AL JAZEERA AND NEWS AGENCIES



HIGHLIGHTS - SR90

• No new country/territory/area reported cases of COVID-19 in the past 24 hours.


• WHO has provided over US$ 400 000 dollars of medical supplies and equipment to the Ministry of Health of the Kurdistan region of Iraq to support response efforts in fighting COVID-19. More details can be found here.



HIGHLIGHTS - SR89

• No new country/territory/area reported cases of COVID-19 in the past 24 hours.


• WHO Regional Director for Europe Dr Hans Henri P. Kluge, has released a statement on the transition to a ‘new normal’ during the COVID-19 pandemic, stressing that it must be guided by public health principles. His statement is available here and it complements new guidance on adjusting public health and social measures, available here.


• Refugees and migrants face the same health risks from COVID-19 as their host populations. WHO has published new guidance, available here, for refugees and migrants to be included in the public health response to the COVID-19 pandemic.


• WHO and Global Citizen are joining forces with many of the world’s leading musicians, comedians and humanitarians for the “One World, Together At Home” global special. It will be broadcast/livestream on major social media networks, streaming services, and major television networks worldwide on 18– 19 April 2020. Further information and local listings are available on the Global Citizen website here.


• In the ‘Subject in Focus’ below, WHO presents data on COVID-19 cases by age and sex. This data is based on nearly 750 000 WHO case reporting forms received from 113 countries, territories and areas.



HIGHLIGHTS - SR88

• No new country/territory/area reported cases of COVID-19 in the past 24 hours.


• Globally, the number of reported confirmed cases exceeded 2 million.


• WHO has released public health guidance for social and religious practices and gatherings during Ramadan. The guidance also offers advice to strengthen mental and physical wellbeing as the COVID-19 pandemic continues. The guidance is available here.


• WHO has released guidance on considerations in adjusting public health and social measures in the context of COVID-19. This document is intended for national authorities and decision makers in countries that have introduced large scale public health and social measures. It offers guidance for adjusting public health and social measures, while managing the risk of a resurgence of cases. The guidance is available here.


• The Chinese authorities have informed WHO that as cases have declined in China and the strain on the healthcare system has eased, a multisectoral team was established in late March 2020 to perform a comprehensive review of COVID-19 data in Wuhan, Hubei Province. Information from a variety of sources was reviewed, leading to duplicate cases being removed and missed cases added. Following this review, the total number of cases in Wuhan increased by 325 and the total number of deaths increased by 1290.


• As of 11 April 2020, 167 countries, territories and areas have implemented additional health measures that significantly interfere with international traffic. An updated summary is outlined in the ‘Subject in Focus’ below.


HIGHLIGHTS - SR87

• No new country/territory/area reported cases of COVID-19 in the past 24 hours.


• Speaking at the COVID-19 media briefing yesterday, WHO Director-General Dr Tedros stressed that our "commitment to public health, science and to serving all the people of the world without fear or favour remains absolute." The Director-General’s speech is available here.


• WHO has released a substantial update to its COVID-19 dashboard, offering better data visualization. The news article is available here and the dashboard is available on the WHO COVID-19 webpage here.


• Drinking alcohol does not protect you against COVID-19: existing rules and regulations to protect health and reduce harm caused by alcohol such as restricting access, should be upheld and even reinforced during the outbreak. More on this is available here, and a factsheet on Alcohol and COVID-19 is available here.


• In India, WHO is deploying its national polio surveillance network and other field staff to help with the COVID-19 response Find more on this here.


• Oxygen therapy plays an extremely important role in case management and is briefly explored in the ‘Subject in Focus’ below.


HIGHLIGHTS - SR86

• No new country/territory/area reported cases of COVID-19 in the past 24 hours.


• WHO has published the updated strategy for tackling the COVID-19 pandemic. The document translates what we have learned so far about the virus into strategic action and will frame the next iteration of the Strategic Preparedness and Response Plan, due in the coming weeks. More details can be found here.


• The first UN solidarity flight has departed Addis Ababa carrying vital COVID-19 medical supplies to African nations. WHO cargo includes one million face masks, as well as personal protective equipment, which will be enough to protect health workers and treat more than 30 000 patients, and laboratory supplies to support surveillance and detection. Information is available here.


• PAHO Director, Dr Carissa Etienne, calls for “extreme caution” when transitioning to more flexible social distancing measures. Her speech is available here.


• There is no evidence that oral poliovirus vaccine protects people against infection with COVID-19 virus. A clinical trial is planned in the USA, and WHO will evaluate the evidence when it is available. Greater details are available here.


• WHO continues to provide timely and accurate information, in world where we have an overabundance of information, some accurate and some not. For more, see ‘Subject in Focus’ below.


HIGHLIGHTS - SR85

• No new country/territory/area reported cases of COVID-19 in the past 24 hours.


• The number of confirmed cases reported by countries reflects national laboratory testing capacity and strategy, thus the interpretation of the number of cases reported should take this into account.


• WHO has published interim guidance on oxygen sources and distribution strategies for COVID-19 treatment. The document describes how to quantify oxygen demand, identify oxygen sources that are available, and select appropriate surge sources to best respond to COVID-19 patients’ needs, especially in low-and-middle income countries. For more details, please see here.


• The Director-General thanked the United Kingdom for its generous contribution of £200 million to the global response to COVID-19, an act which he described as a ‘demonstration of global solidarity’. His opening remarks at yesterday’s press conference are available here.


• A group of scientists, physicians, funders and manufacturers from around the world have pledged to collaborate, in coordination with WHO, to help speed up the availability of a vaccine against COVID-19. Their statement can be found, against here.


HIGHLIGHTS - SR84


• No new country/territory/area reported cases of COVID-19 in the past 24 hours.


• There is no evidence that the Bacille Calmette-Guérin vaccine (BCG) protects people against infection with COVID-19 virus. Two clinical trials addressing this question are underway, and WHO will evaluate the evidence when it is available. In the absence of evidence, WHO does not recommend BCG vaccination for the prevention of COVID-19. For more details, please see here.


HIGHLIGHTS - SR83

• No new country/territory/area reported cases of COVID-19 in the past 24 hours.


• The total global deaths from COVID-19 has surpassed 100 000.


• WHO has published a document ‘Target Product Profiles for COVID-19 Vaccines’. The document describes the preferred and minimally acceptable profiles for human vaccines for long term protection of persons at high risk of COVID-19 infection, such as healthcare workers; and for reactive use in outbreak settings. For more details, please see here.


HIGHLIGHTS - SR82

• Yemen reported its first case of COVID-19 in the past 24 hours.


• WHO has developed the following definition for reporting COVID deaths: a COVID-19 death is defined for surveillance purposes as a death resulting from a clinically compatible illness in a probable or confirmed COVID-19 case, unless there is a clear alternative cause of death that cannot be related to COVID disease (e.g., trauma). There should be no period of complete recovery between the illness and death.


• WHO Director-General Dr. Tedros, in a press conference held yesterday, highlighted the issue of planning the transition out of stay-at-home restrictions: “WHO wants to see restrictions lifted as much as anyone. At the same time, lifting restrictions too quickly could lead to a deadly resurgence.” For more information, please see here.


• WHO has updated its Q&A page on COVID-19 to provide information of how the virus spreads and how it is affecting people worldwide. For more details, please see here.


• To date, there are a limited number of publications and national situation reports that provide information on the number of healthcare worker (HCW) infections. Understanding infection in HCWs is critical to informing the specific infection prevention and control measures needed to protect HCWs from infection. For more details, please see ‘Subject in Focus’ below.


HIGHLIGHTS - SR81

• No new country/territory/area reported cases of COVID-19 in the past 24 hours.


• Dr. Bruce Aylward, Special Adviser to WHO’s Director-General, speaking of his recent mission to Spain at a press briefing yesterday, highlighted the need for countries to understand that the virus can overwhelm even the most robust health systems, resulting in the need to entirely reconfigure health sectors in response. Find more about Dr. Aylward’s recent fact-finding mission to Spain here.


• OpenWHO, a web-based learning platform, has launched a new online course Introduction to Go.Data – Field data collection, chains of transmission and contact follow-up. The Go.Data tool supports outbreak investigation, focusing on field data collection, contact tracing and visualisation of chains of transmission. It is available to WHO staff around the world, Member States and partners. For more information, please see here.


• As the number of cases continues to climb in Europe, two new WHO tools launched today will help health planners in the European Region prepare for the rapidly increasing number of patients with COVID-19 requiring acute and intensive care in hospitals. For more details, please see here.


HIGHLIGHTS - SR80

• No new country/territory/area reported cases of COVID-19 in the past 24 hours.


• The daily situation report will now report the COVID-19 transmission scenario for each country using the definitions published in the updated global surveillance guidance published on 20 March (here). Transmission scenarios are self-reported by Member States to WHO. The determination of transmission scenario is still pending for some Member States. The transmission scenarios are: no confirmed cases, sporadic cases, clusters of cases, and community transmission.


• As millions of Christians, Jews and Muslims celebrate Easter, Passover and Ramadan, WHO has released guidance for religious leaders and faith-based communities in the context of COVID-19. This is available here. For more on this topic, see the ‘Subject in Focus’ below.


• Today marks 100 days since WHO was notified of the first cases of “pneumonia with unknown cause” in China. In yesterday’s media briefing, Director-General Dr Tedros recalled the work that WHO and its partners have been doing over this period and the continuing efforts to stop the pandemic in five key areas. Find more details here.


HIGHLIGHTS - SR79

• One new country/territory/area reported cases of COVID-19 in the past 24 hours: Saint Pierre and Miquelon.


• WHO has published a guidance document on the rational use of personal protective equipment (PPE) in healthcare and home care settings, as well as during the handling of cargo. The document assesses the current disruption in the global supply chain and outlines considerations for decision-making during severe shortages of PPE. For more details, please see here.


• WHO has listed the first two diagnostic tests for emergency use during the COVID-19 pandemic. The move should help increase access to quality-assured, accurate tests for the disease. It also means that the tests can now be supplied by the United Nations and other procurement agencies supporting the COVID19 response. For more information, please see here.


• WHO has published a guideline on food safety, ‘COVID-19 and Food Safety: Guidance for Food Businesses’. For more details, please see here.


• The Global Health Cluster, which WHO leads, has been supporting 29 countries to implement the Global Humanitarian Response Plan for COVID-19. This includes addressing newly-emerging needs and preserving the existing humanitarian health actions and commitments of the Humanitarian Response Plans for 2020. For more information on partner coordination, please see ‘Subject in Focus’.


HIGHLIGHTS - SR78

One new country/territory/area reported cases of COVID-19 in the past 24 hours: São Tomé and Príncipe.


• Today, 7 April, marks World Health Day and this year WHO pays tribute to the incredible contribution of all health workers, especially nurses and midwives. Nurses are the largest component of the health workforce and play a fundamental role in combatting COVID-19 and achieving Universal Health Coverage and the Sustainable Development Goals. WHO has published the first-ever report on the state of the world’s nursing workforce, available here. It renews calls on governments to invest in nurses.


• WHO, Lady Gaga and Global Citizen have announced a concert to air on Saturday, 18 April 2020 titled 'One World: Together at home'. This globally televised and streamed special will highlight unity among all people affected by COVID-19, celebrate the brave healthcare workers doing life-saving work, and raise funds for the response. More information is available here.


• WHO Director-General Dr Tedros, in a press conference held yesterday, reiterated concerns regarding the shortage of medical masks and other PPE and reminded people that masks should be used as part of a comprehensive package of interventions. WHO has released guidance on the use of masks in communities, during home care, and in healthcare settings that can be found here; further advice for the public can be found here.


• WHO is improving supply networks and logistics in clinical environments, and sending equipment and testing kits worldwide. See ‘Subject in Focus’ below.


HIGHLIGHTS - SR77

• One new country/territory/area reported cases of COVID-19 in the past 24 hours: South Sudan.


• At a joint press conference and in a co-authored opinion piece, the WHO Director-General and IMF Managing Director reiterated the importance of saving lives and saving livelihoods and made it clear that the trade-off between saving lives or jobs is a false dilemma. The press conference remarks are here, and the op-ed here.


• Almost 90 per cent of the world’s students are now affected by nationwide school closures – that’s more than 1.5 billion children and young people. Together with UNICEF and the International Publishers Association, the World Health Organization has launched the 'Read the World' children’s reading initiative. More information on this initiative can be found here. WHO has also published advice for parenting during the COVID-19 pandemic, available here.


HIGHLIGHTS - SR76

One new country/territory/area reported cases of COVID-19 in the past 24 hours: Falkland Islands (Malvinas).


• The Director of the Pan American Health Organization (PAHO), Dr Etienne, on Friday, called for the collaboration of the private sector with countries of Latin America and the Caribbean to tackle COVID-19. More details can be found here.


• PAHO has launched a new searchable database that contains the latest guidance and research on the COVID-19 pandemic from the Americas and affected countries worldwide. The press release is available here and the database is available here.


• As China emerges from a 2 month containment phase and moves into the mitigation stage, its experience is helping countries currently at the start of the COVID-19 cycle to plan their responses better. This is explored in an interview with WHO Representative to China, Dr Gauden Galea, which is available here.


HIGHLIGHTS - SR75

• One new country/territory/area reported cases of COVID-19 in the past 24 hours: Bonaire, Sint Eustatius and Saba.


• As worldwide cases climb above 1 million and deaths over 50 000, Dr Tedros stressed that the best way for countries to end restrictions and ease their economic effects was to attack the virus with an aggressive and comprehensive package of measures. His speech can be found here.


• WHO has released new technical guidance recommending universal access to public hand hygiene stations and making their use obligatory on entering and leaving any public or private commercial building and any public transport facility. It also recommends that healthcare facilities improve access to and practice of hand hygiene. Find more here.


• WHO/Europe has received a €30 million contribution from the European Commission for 6 WHO European Region Member States – Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Georgia, the Republic of Moldova and Ukraine – to meet immediate needs in their responses to COVID-19. More information is available here.


HIGHLIGHTS - SR 74

One new country/territory/area reported cases of COVID-19 in the past 24 hours: Malawi.


• Supporting and protecting older people is everyone’s business: although all age groups are at risk of contracting COVID-19, older people face significant risk of developing severe illness. Read the statement by Dr Hans Henri P. Kluge, WHO Regional Director for Europe here.


• As cases start to climb in the South-East Asia Region, the Regional Director Dr Poonam Khetrapal Singh held a virtual meeting with Health Ministers of the Region calling for a stronger whole-of-society approach. More information can be found here.


• The Pan American Health Organization (PAHO) launched an appeal yesterday for funds towards priority public health measures to help Latin American and Caribbean countries. The funds will be used to implement PAHO's COVID-19 Response Strategy. Further information is available here.


• Ports, airports and ground crossings require careful monitoring. WHO has produced two online interactive courses to provide guidance for the management of ill travellers and for managing COVID-19 cases or outbreaks on board ships. Further details can be found below in the ‘Subject in Focus’


HIGHLIGHTS - SR 73

No new countries/territories/areas reported cases of COVID-19 in the past 24 hours.


• WHO has released a Medical Product Alert that warns consumers, healthcare professionals, and health authorities against a growing number of falsified medical products that claim to prevent, detect, treat or cure COVID-19. Find more here.


• WHO is working with Iraq to increase surveillance and response capacities. WHO has printed hundreds of thousands of prevention and transmission control messages, taken mobile health teams to the streets, and delivered urgent consignments of personal protective equipment (PPE) and laboratory test kits. More information can be found here.


• WHO has been working with governments and partners around the world, across many areas of activity: conducting needs assessments, providing hand sanitizers and masks for health professionals, providing training on the clinical management of patients with COVID-19, collaborating with local media outlets and conducting awareness raising activities, delivering test kits, conducting simulation exercises, and shipping personal protective equipment through WHO logistical hubs. As an example, WHO EURO has released a photo story of WHO’s activities in Kyrgyzstan, available here.


• Our understanding of the transmission of COVID-19 virus continues to improve with the evolution of the outbreak. For more, see ‘Subject in Focus’.


HIGHLIGHTS -SR 72

Three new countries/territories/areas reported cases of COVID-19 in the past 24 hours: Botswana, Burundi, and Sierra Leone.


• WHO has released a scientific brief on the off-label use of medicines for COVID-19. A number of medicines have been suggested as potential investigational therapies, many of which are now being or will soon be studied in clinical trials, including the SOLIDARITY trial co-sponsored by WHO and participating countries. More information can be found here.


• WHO recognizes the importance of addressing the needs of refugees and migrants when preparing for or responding to the COVID-19 pandemic. WHO European Region has released a guidance document to assist healthcare working with refugees and migrants. More information can be found here.


• At a press briefing, yesterday, PAHO Director Dr. Carissa Etienne stressed that countries of the Americas must act now to slow the spread of COVID-19. WHO encourages countries to prepare hospitals and health facilities, protect their health personnel, and decide what social distancing measures need to be implemented and for how long, among other actions. Find more here.


• Public health and social measures to slow or stop the spread of COVID-19 must be implemented with the full engagement of all members of society. WHO has described four levels of COVID-19 transmission with varying public health and social measures depending on the local evolution of the COVID-19 pandemic. For more details, please see ‘Subject in Focus’.


HIGHLIGHTS-SR 71

• No new countries/territories/areas reported cases of COVID-19 in the past 24 hours.


• As mentioned by the Director-General in his regular media briefing yesterday, ensuring free movement of essential health products is vital for saving lives and curbing the social and economic impacts of the pandemic. WHO is working intensively with partners to increase access to life-saving products, including diagnostics, PPE, medical oxygen, ventilators and more. For more information: https://www.who.int/dg/speeches/detail/who-director-generals-opening-remarks-at-the-media-briefing-on-covid-19---30-march-2020


• Operations support and logistics continues to monitor critical markets and in partnership with the Pandemic Supply Chain Network, has increased engagement and coordination with private companies. Since the beginning of the outbreak, OSL has shipped more than 800 000 surgical masks, 54 000 N95 masks, 873 000 globes, 15 000 goggles and 24 000 face shields to 75 countries. OSL has also shipped COVID-19 testing kits to 126 countries. For more details, please see ‘subject in focus’.


HIGHLIGHTS - SR 70

• No new countries/territories/areas reported cases of COVID-19 in the past 24 hours.


• WHO has updated the operational planning guidelines to help countries maintain essential health services during the COVID-19 pandemic. The document includes a set of immediate actions that countries should consider at national, regional, and local level to reorganize and maintain access to highquality essential health services for all.


For more information: https://www.who.int/publications-detail/covid-19-operational-guidance-formaintaining-essential-health-services-during-an-outbreak



HIGHLIGHTS - SR 69

One new country/territory/area reported cases of COVID-19 in the past 24 hours: The Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands.


• The COVID-19 Solidarity Fund has now received donations of more than US$ 108 million, from 203,000 individuals and organizations. To donate and for more information: https://www.who.int/emergencies/diseases/novelcoronavirus-2019/donate.


• WHO, together with national authorities, is monitoring the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on people’s mental health, and providing information and guidance to governments and the public. On 27 March, WHO European Region published an article on mental health and psychological resilience during the COVID-19 pandemic; highlighting the potential mental health impacts on children and the elderly.

For more information, http://www.euro.who.int/en/health-topics/health-emergencies/coronaviruscovid-19/news/news/2020/3/mental-health-and-psychological-resilienceduring-the-covid-19-pandemic.


HIGHLIGHTS - SR 68

No new countries/territories/areas reported cases of COVID-19 in the past 24 hours.


• The WHO Director-General highlighted in his media briefing yesterday that the chronic global shortage of personal protective equipment (PPE) is one of the most urgent threats to our collective ability to save lives. To date, WHO has shipped almost 2 million individual items of PPE to 74 countries and is preparing to send a similar amount to a further 60 countries. The DirectorGeneral’s opening remarks at the media briefing can be found here.


• Today, WHO published the first edition of the practical manual to set up and manage a severe acute respiratory infection (SARI) treatment centre and a SARI screening facility in health-care facilities. The document has been developed to meet the operational needs emerging with the COVID-19 pandemic. For more details, please see the document here.



HIGHLIGHTS - SR 67

Two new countries/territories/areas from the Region of the Americas [2] have reported cases of COVID-19.


• The total global number of COVID-19 cases has surpassed 500 000. • Addressing the Extraordinary Summit on COVID-19, the WHO Director-General called on G20 leaders to fight, unite, and ignite against COVID-19. More information can be found here.

• WHO concluded the technical support mission to Egypt on 25 March 2020. More information can be found on the Eastern Mediterranean Regional Office site here.


• OpenWHO celebrates 1 million enrollments today. Seventy percent of the total enrollments are on COVID-19 resources, reflecting the critical role the platform is playing in supporting the response to the pandemic. On 25 March, a new course was launched describing how to design and operate treatment centres for the COVID-19 pandemic. COVID-19 resources are hosted on two learning channels: one for courses in official WHO languages here and a second for courses in additional national languages here.


• The number of countries implementing additional health measures that significantly interfere with international traffic has increased since the declaration of COVID-19 as a public health emergency of international concern. The United Nations World Tourism Organization launched a Crisis Committee to review the impact of the outbreak on the aviation, shipping and tourism sectors and propose innovative solutions for recovery. Greater detail can be found in Subject in Focus overleaf.


Mnangagwa: Starting Monday, Zimbabwe Under Total Lockdown For 21 Days

https://www.voazimbabwe.com/a/zimbabwe-coronavirus-lockdown/5348978.html


President Emmerson Mnangagwa says Zimbabwe will be under a 21-day lockdown starting Monday in an attempt to stop the transmission of the coronavirus COVID-19 that has killed thousands of people in the world.


In a State of the Nation Address delivered on the state-controlled Zimbabwe Broadcasting Corporation on Friday evening, Mnangagwa said these drastic measures will hurt a lot of people and businesses.

“As you are aware we lost one of our citizens to the virus, a bright and promising young man who today personifies the tragedy brought by this virus and what can happen to our hopes and policies for the future in the absence of due diligence. While our numbers are both low … this need not induce complacency among us. COVID-19 is now upon us and if experience elsewhere is anything to go by can spread in leaps and bounds in so short a time.


“We are worried that even as our numbers remain low there is possibility of wider community spread and transmissions. Further, in about two months time winter will be upon us creating conditions ideal for more infections. There is need to take decisive measures now against the pandemic well ahead of the likely danger. I have indicated that some of the measures will be drastic and are sure to upset the daily routines of our lives as we have lived it until now. But they have to be taken with the new restrictive routines internalized by all of us regardless of position in society.”


He noted that the virus knows no class color, creed, tribe or region.


Mnangagwa said Zimbabwe’s COVID-19 pandemic task force has made several recommendations after assessing the situation in the country with indications that many people may be infected by the disease if no drastic measures were taken to avert a health crisis in the southern African nation where at least five people have contracted the disease.


“Starting Monday 30th March, 2020, and subject to further review, Zimbabwe will be under a total lockdown for a period of 21 days. This means all our citizens are required to stay at home except of course in respect of essential movements related to seeking health services, to the purchase of procurement of food, medicines and for other essential supplies in terms of critical services …”


More details to follow …


Zimbabwe records 5 Covid-19 cases

27 MAR, 2020 - 09:03

Blessings Chidakwa Herald Correspondent

https://www.herald.co.zw/just-in-zimbabwe-records-5-covid-19-cases/


Zimbabwe now has five confirmed cases of people who tested positive for Covid-19, Health and Child Care permanent secretary Dr Agnes Mahomva said in statement.


Dr Mahomva said out of 165 tests conducted as of yesterday, five are positive, 159 negative and one inconclusive.


“The ministry would like to report that today (yesterday) the National Microbiological Reference Laboratory tested 65 samples. Two of these tested positive for Covid-19.


“Among the 65 samples tested today, was the repeat test for the sample from the individual whom we reported previously as having received an inconclusive result. Today he tested negative for covid-19. Therefore, to date, Zimbabwe has five confirmed cases of covid-19, including one death,” she said.


Dr Mahomva said the Ministry would also like to advise the nation that the third case they reported on Wednesday was the following day admitted for treatment under isolation at Beatrice Road Infectious Diseases Hospital.


“He remains in a stable condition and is assisting our teams in intensified surveillance through contact tracing. The ministry continues to be on high alert to the Covid-19 pandemic,” she said.


Dr Mahomva said her ministry would like to remind everyone to remain vigilant in the prevention of Covid-19 and practise good personal hygiene including washing hands with soap and water frequently or use of an alcohol-based hand rub.


She also advised covering one’s nose and mouth with tissue paper or flexed elbow when coughing and sneezing and avoiding close contact with people who are sick, coughing or sneezing.


Dr Mahomva said all non-essential travel was still strongly discouraged.


According to WHO, as of March 25, more than 410 000 confirmed cases of Covid-19 and more than 18 000 deaths have been reported globally.


The European region has reported the highest number of confirmed cases and deaths of more than 220 000 and 11 000 respectively.




HIGHLIGHTS - SR 66

Three new countries/territories/areas from the Region of the Americas [1], and African Region [2] have reported cases of COVID-19.


• The United Nations launched a US$2 billion COVID-19 Global Humanitarian Response Plan to support the world’s most vulnerable countries. More information can be found here.


• The WHO Director-General mentioned many key issues and action steps to effectively combat COVID-19, as well as maintaining physical distance but not social distance. More information can be found here.


• WHO published the COVID-19: Operational guidance for maintaining essential health services during an outbreak and the Handbook for public health capacity-building at ground crossings and cross-border collaboration on 25 March 2020. All guidance documents can be found here.


• In light of additional evidence, WHO maintains the recommendation of performing hand hygiene and regularly cleaning and disinfecting surfaces. The use of medical masks and respirators are for circumstances and settings where aerosol generating procedures are performed. Greater detail can be found in Subject in Focus.



HIGHLIGHTS - SR 65

• Two new countries/territories/areas from the Western Pacific Region [1], and Eastern Mediterranean Region [1] have reported cases of COVID-19.


• OpenWHO released its introductory video on COVID-19 in Indian sign language yesterday, which is the first sign language resource on the platform. The video already has nearly 900 enrolments. Courses in additional languages can be found here.


• As the world tackles the COVID-19 pandemic, it is important to ensure that essential health services and operations continue to be available to protect the lives of people with malaria, TB and other diseases or health conditions. More information can be found here and here.


• EPI-WIN, WHO’s information network for epidemics, makes easy-tounderstand advice and information available on a dedicated page on the WHO website. EPI-WIN is also providing employers and workers with timely information through regular calls. More information can be found on the web here and in Subject in Focus.



COVID-19: Sakunda Holdings identifies two health facilities

25th March 2020

https://www.zbcnews.co.zw/covid-19-sakunda-holdings-identifies-two-health-facilities/


SAKUNDA Holdings and its associates have come up with a multi-million dollar initiative to resuscitate and equip Rock Foundation Medical Centre and St Annes Hospital as a way of complementing Government efforts in fighting the COVID-19 pandemic.


The virus has so far claimed one person in Zimbabwe and President Emmerson Mnangagwa has been calling on the private sector to assist the government.
The two health facilities which have been identified by Sakunda Holdings have been idle for a long time and will be used for COVID -19 response only.


The company, which is currently undergoing several relevant processes, wants the medical facilities to be open to everyone contrary to social media reports that they will be open to government and ZANU PF bigwigs.


It is envisaged that if all processes are done on time, one of the facilities will be operational by Wednesday next week are expected to be fully operational by Wednesday next week if the programme goes according to plan.


Sakunda Holdings officials have already toured the health facilities and have so far moved their personnel at Rock Foundation Medical Centre after working with local medical experts and specialist to identify what is required while negotiations are currently underway with management at St Annes Hospital amid indications that the company is ready to foot all the refurbishment bills.


In Correspondence between Sakunda Holdings and government, the firm indicated its desire to complement government efforts when they wrote to the Permanent Secretary in the Ministry of Health and Child Care seeking licenses.


“The government of Zimbabwe has implemented a raft of measures to curb and control the outbreak of the disease albeit under tough economic circumstances. It is against this background that Sakunda Holdings (PVT) Ltd and its associates have come up with a private initiative to complement government efforts to curb this pandemic specifically in the provision of health facilities, equipment, training and vaccines. Sakunda has identified Rock Foundation Medical Centre as a facility in the fight against COVID-19,” said the letter signed by Everton Mlalazi in charge of Special Projects at Sakunda holdings.
The firm is requesting the government to facilitate the engagement with relevant bodies to expedite the process in view of the urgency required to deal with the pandemic.


“Licenses will be sought from the following bodies: MCAZ, Pharmacists Council, Radiation Protection Authority of Zimbabwe, Medical and Dental Council of Zimbabwe and Health Professions Authority,” said Mlalazi.


Ministry of Health and Child Care Permanent Secretary Dr Agnes Mahomva wrote to St Annes Hospital Manager expressing satisfactory following a tour which officials from the ministry and executives from Sakunda holdings had at their health facility.
“The team was satisfied with what they saw during the tour and would like you to finalise our request. Please note that we have since identified Sakunda holdings (copied) to be our partner to work with us and yourselves to do all the remaining renovations and refurbishments necessary for the hospital to function in the shortest period of time. Sakunda Holdings has confirmed that they have the resources and funding to do the work and hence refurbishments will not be at your costs. May you also note as discussed during the tour of your hospital our request to use this facility is for up to six months only for the COVID-19 response,” said Dr Mahovha.


Sakunda Holdings wants to use its resources and support government in the provision of health facilities, equipment, training of medical personnel and vaccines.


Zimbabwe has three confirmed cases of COVID-19.



UPDATED: Coronavirus taskforce set up

25 MAR, 2020 - 14:40

Tendai Mugabe Senior Reporter

https://www.herald.co.zw/just-in-covid-19-task-force-set/


Cabinet yesterday put on hold all other business to discuss ways and measures of tackling the coronavirus in a rare show of high level seriousness by Government in dealing with the global pandemic that recorded its first death in Zimbabwe on Monday.

Further, an 11-member inter-ministerial ad hoc taskforce appointed by President Mnangagwa to deal with the outbreak of coronavirus was activated yesterday in line with a Cabinet decision made on March 17, 2020.


The ministers involved in the taskforce are Dr Obadiah Moyo who is the chairman (Health and Child Care), July Moyo who is the deputy chair (Local Government and Public Works), Oppah Muchinguri-Kashiri (Defence and War Veterans Affairs), Kazembe Kazembe (Home Affairs and Cultural Heritage), Dr Sibusiso Moyo (Foreign Affairs and International Trade), Joel Biggie Matiza (Transport and Infrastructural Development), Mangaliso Ndlovu (Environment, Climate, Tourism and Hospitality Industry), Professor Mthuli Ncube (Finance and Economic Development), Professor Amon Murwira (Higher and Tertiary Education, Innovation and Science Technology Development and Monica Mutsvangwa (Information, Publicity and Broadcasting Services).

Minister Mutsvangwa revealed this during a post Cabinet briefing at Munhumutapa Government offices yesterday.


Among other things, the taskforce would be responsible for is monitoring the situation and managing the response to the Covid-19 outbreak and identifying gaps for corrective action.


“The following terms of reference will guide the taskforce’s operations, to raise the general awareness of the public on the pandemic, to mobilise domestic and international financial resources to adequately respond to the outbreak and to engage private sector associations that include captains of industry and businesses, religious leaders, local authorities, traditional leaders and they will be coming for support in the implementation of the identified initiatives,” said Minister Mutsvangwa.


She said the taskforce would also be responsible for briefing the President, Cabinet and the nation on the country’s preparedness and response to coronavirus.


Said Minister Mutsvangwa: “As the chairman of the task force Honourable Obadiah Moyo is required to make use of the Civil Protection Unit, which has the requisite geographical spread and representation for maximum, effective, collective response and action as displayed in the management of the Cyclone Idai disaster.”


She said the taskforce would also be responsible for rallying all stakeholders towards the successful fight of the pandemic that include the Zimbabwe Medical Association, its affiliates and all stakeholders in the medical field.


Minister Mutsvangwa said Dr Moyo updated Cabinet on the national preparedness response progress on the Covid-19 outbreak in Zimbabwe and noted the death of Zororo Makamba at Wilkins due to the novel virus and extended condolences to the Makamba family.


She said Cabinet noted with appreciation the support, which was rendered by various partners in particular the Alibaba Foundation that had made a donation of a consignment of commodities to help strengthen and intensify surveillance, laboratory testing and case management of Covid-19.


The first consignment arrived at the Robert Gabriel Mugabe International Airport yesterday consisting of 20 000 laboratory diagnostic kits, 10 000 medical face masks and 1 000 protective suites and face shields.

Minister Mutsvangwa said the late Zororo Makamba was buried yesterday under the supervision of health authorities and also dispelled social media rumours that Prof Mthuli was in self-isolation.


She said Zimbabwe’s preparations for the Covid-19 were not like the country was aware that the virus was coming but Government was doing everything to save life.


Minister Mutsvangwa noted that it was encouraging that news from China showed that there were no new infections, saying it would also be easier for Zimbabwe since most of the equipment to fight the virus comes from the Asian country.


She said the positive coronavirus case in Victoria Falls, which was the first one, was being monitored and his condition was now stable.



Compulsory testing powers gazetted . . as 3rd Covid-19 suspect tests positive

25 MAR, 2020 - 00:03

Herald Reporters

https://www.herald.co.zw/compulsory-testing-powers-gazetted-as-3rd-covid-19-suspect-tests-positive/


As Zimbabwe confirms its third Covid-19 infection, the infection has been declared a formidable epidemic disease in terms of the Public Health Act, allowing the Minister of Health and Child Care to make sweeping regulations to control the spread of the disease and to have designated medical officers order the compulsory testing, quarantining, isolation and treatment of anyone who is exposed to infection or is confirmed as infected..


The new Public Health (Covid-19 Prevention, Containment and Treatment) Regulations 2020 were gazetted on Monday and are valid until May 20, although they then may be extended a month at a time.


The regulations follow the confirmation last night by the Health Ministry that one of the 15 tests done yesterday came out positive. Those tested were mostly contacts of the second confirmed case and first death, Zororo Makamba, who was buried yesterday after succumbing to Covid-19 coupled with a pre-existing condition on Monday.


The new regulations partly overlap with orders already given by President Mnangagwa following the declaration of a state of national disaster, such as the ban on gatherings over the set limit. The Health Minister, after consulting the President and accepting Presidential directions, can issue the legal orders that enforce any Government action on gatherings, curfews, closure of premises and the like.


But they go into great detail for new powers given to the Chief Health Officer, who is the professional Permanent Secretary in the Ministry of Health and Child Care, the director of health services in every local authority, district health officers and every medical officer of health. These enforcement officers, who issue the instructions, are to be assisted by police officers, peace officers and members of municipal police forces who are explicitly given the authority to enforce the instructions from the medical professionals.


The medical enforcement officers may order compulsory medical examinations, including taking samples for testing, order compulsory treatment, order the sequestration or disinfection of baggage and personal effects, order the evacuation of any building for up to 24 hours where those exposed to the risk of infection may have gathered, and can order the compulsory detention, isolation or quarantining of anyone for 48 hours or until they have been formally cleared to be free of infection if this takes longer to do.

Once people are confirmed to be infected, they can be further quarantined for up to 14 days within their homes, a hospital or a place of isolation. If they are so quarantined the medical officer ordering the detention must ensure these infected people have access to or are provided with the basic necessities to maintain an acceptable standard of nutrition and hygiene and can be released temporarily under specified conditions.


Those who escape from where they have been ordered to be detained, isolated or quarantined, even if this is their own home, can be arrested without warrant.

The Health Minister can approve sites to be used for isolation and quarantine for those suspected or confirmed to be infected with Covid-19.

All those who disobey instructions from the designated health officers for testing, quarantine or isolation can face a stiff fine and a year in jail.


A second batch of clauses in the regulations gives the Health Minister, in consultation with the President and conforming to Presidential directions to: impose restrictions on public traffic and movement through curfews, close schools in any local authority, and close places and worship and restrict church gatherings, restrict or regulate places of entertainment, recreation and places where alcohol is served. This has already been done.


In the event of death the minister, acting again with the President, can make any inquiries into the cause, order post-mortems and exhumations, prohibit funerals in special circumstances until a medical officer has granted a certificate, and regulate burials.

To ensure that people cannot be infected by any other articles, the minister can regulate, restrict or ban removal of merchandise or articles in or out of any area, can facilitate the disinfection of any article by providing plant and equipment, or if necessary order that article’s destruction, authorise local authorities to inspect premises and fix sanitary or other defects likely to further the spread of Covid-19, and order the evacuation, closing, alteration or even demolition of premises which, if occupied, could render more difficult the eradication of Covid-19.


The health officers enforcing the regulations have to have certificates signed by the town clerk or other chief executive officer and must show these if anyone questions their orders.


Emergency cases only at hospitals: Stable patients discharged . . . Elderly told to keep away . . .Minor operations cancelled

Andile Tshuma/ Thupeyo Muleya, Chronicle Reporters

Chronicle Article


Mpilo Central Hospital and United Bulawayo Hospitals are now only attending to emergency cases while all admitted patients who can cope will be discharged, measures which will remain in place until Covid-19 is no longer a threat.


All non-emergency operations are also being cancelled while the elderly have been advised to limit their visits.

Mpilo Central Hospital Clinical Director Dr Solwayo Ngwenya yesterday said they were trying to decongest the hospital as there were fears of the virus spreading in the country.


Three positive cases have already been reported in Victoria Falls and Harare. One patient has since died while the Government is yet to provide details on the third patient who was mentioned in a national update yesterday.


Dr Ngwenya said the elderly should by all means stay away from hospital grounds and confine themselves to their homes as they were vulnerable to the virus due to a weakened immune system associated with aging.

He urged the elderly running out of chronic illness medication to try and send relatives to hospital for supplies.


“The situation is bad and as way of protecting our patients and the rest of the public, we are trying to control the numbers at our hospitals. We will now be attending to emergency cases only and have closed the Outpatient Department. All non-emergency operations are suspended with immediate effect. This virus is deadly and we realise that people seem to be very relaxed as if they assume to be immune from it. The public must practice social distancing and avoid public spaces unless if it is necessary,” said Dr Ngwenya.


“We will have to discharge all our stable patients as we try to lower the numbers here in the hospital. Everyone with serious flu like or Covid-19 like symptoms must not come to the hospital or go to a clinic. They must call the rapid response team on their hotline to avoid possible infection of other people as they are in transit to hospital. The Covid-19 team will come to you.


“The world is faced with the fast spreading Covid-19 pandemic and everyone is at great risk of catching this highly infectious disease. Mpilo Central Hospital must take measures to reduce the risk of spreading the deadly virus.”


Asked what constitutes an emergency, he said: “A lot of situations, incidents and conditions can constitute an emergency. However, we advise patients that if someone is feeling unbearable discomfort, or excruciating pain, or can see that they are taking care of a person who has taken very ill, then that is an emergency. Emergencies can be accidents, burns, asthma attacks, strokes, diabetes related collapsing and coma, very low or very high blood pressure or sugar levels and many more. This list is not exhaustive but the bottom line is that if it’s an emergency you will be treated.”


Dr Ngwenya said those that are not very sick and cannot be listed under emergency cases will not be attended to at the hospital and said they can only come after the Covid-19 situation had been contained.

He advised such patients to receive care at home until the hospital can attend to them.


“Our Out-patients departments are closed till further notice. All elective operations are cancelled till further notice. We should enforce the One (1) visitor per patient as continued in SI 77 of 2020. We should encourage people not to make unnecessary visits to the hospital.


“All suspected cases of Covid-19 and their accompanying relatives should be assessed by the Rapid Response teams from Mpilo Central Hospital and Bulawayo City Health Department. Protective clothing for staff is reportedly on its way and soon the Government will send us supplies. Meanwhile, practice personal hygiene and social distancing.”

When Chronicle arrived at the hospital, scores of people, patients and accompanying relatives were being turned away as hospital staff informed them that the outpatient and causality departments had closed to the public and were only attending to emergency cases.


“We have been here since 8am. it’s now way past lunch time. We have not been served and are sitting in benches. We need our medication for hypertension and diabetes and we cannot opt for the pharmacies in town because it is too expensive. We hope that they attend to us today since they are saying tomorrow, they will not be taking any patients,” said Gogo Esther Mdlongwa (74).


United Bulawayo Hospital Chief Executive Officer Mrs Nonhlanhla Ndlovu could not be reached for comment yesterday on the phone. When Chronicle news crew arrived at the hospital, she was said to be in a meeting. However, the hospital was also limiting patients and advising the public that it would only attend to emergency cases only as a result of the Covid-19.

The UBH has also implemented the one visitor per patients per day programme policy and kas also reduced visiting sessions to one 30-minute visit per day.


Meanwhile, travellers are still accessing Zimbabwe and South Africa via Beitbridge Border Post pending the finalisation of a border operational plan but the number of travellers has been going down since last week.

As of yesterday, people were seen going to either sides of the border and some of them said they wanted to join their spouses in either country since schools had closed.


The assistant regional immigration officer in charge of Beitbridge (Zimbabwe), Mr Nqobile Ncube said traffic started declining at the port of entry as many travellers started complying with travel and preventative measures from regional countries. He said they were waiting for a comprehensive operation plan that will spell out the cut off period of access by human traffic at the border. “As you are aware there has been a Presidential declaration on the new border operations and everyone is willing to understand when it takes effect and also how and who exactly is affected by that declaration,” he said.


ZIMRA Workers At R.G. Mugabe Airport Withdraw Services Over Possible Exposure To Coronavirus

https://news.pindula.co.zw/2020/03/25/zimra-workers-at-r-g-mugabe-airport-withdraw-services-over-possible-exposure-to-coronavirus/


Zimbabwe Revenue Authority workers at Robert Gabriel Mugabe International Airport have withdrawn their services citing possible exposure to the novel coronavirus.

In a statement by the workers’ representative board Zimbabwe Revenue and Allied Workers Trade Union (ZIMRATU), the workers they are withdrawing their services until recommendations by the World Health Organisation (WHO) have been implemented.


The letter dated 24 March 2020 and addressed to The Zimbabwe Revenue Authority (ZIMRA) Commissioner-General read in part:

https://pbs.twimg.com/media/ET7tcgwX0AA8oQ_?format=jpg&name=large


ED’s Office Quarantined After Zororo Makamba’s Visit

https://news.pindula.co.zw/2020/03/25/eds-office-quarantined-after-zororo-makambas-visit/


The office of President Emmerson Mnangagwa has been quarantined after it emerged that Zimbabwe’s first coronavirus death, Zororo Makamba visited the office last week.


Mnangagwa’s spokesperson, George Charamba told ZTN that Zororo had a meeting with some officers in the office and they have since been put on a 21-day quarantine while the offices were fumigated.


Zororo a 30-year-old journalist succumbed to the virus on Monday at Wilkins Hospital in Harare.


ZTN News link below

https://www.youtube.com/watch?time_continue=22&v=1ioALmxORBU&feature=emb_title


Coronavirus: Catholic church closes its doors

Staff Reporter

https://www.newsday.co.zw/2020/03/coronavirus-catholic-church-closes-its-doors/


In a statement, the Zimbabwe Catholic Bishops Conference (ZCBC) said it had resolved to close all Catholic churches for public liturgical services and church related gatherings with immediate effect until further notice to allow for effective self-isolation for all.

However, the ZCBC said “all Priests should, however, continue to celebrate mass in their parishes without a congregation on a daily basis.

The continuing celebration of mass ensures that the faithful can join in spiritual communion with the priests of the church”.


The Catholic bishops said they wanted their congregants to understand that the coronavirus pandemic was an emergency circumstance, and that for as long as it lasted, the obligation to attend mass on Sundays and Holy Days was removed.

They said they would not be conducting pastoral visits to those who are isolating, but if need be, they would offer support via the phone.


“Let us leave burials to close family members and associates, even for clergy and religious, in this season of the pandemic, which we pray will be short,” the ZCBC said.


The government has barred gatherings of more than 50 people in an effort to combat the spread of the coronavirus, which all but made it impossible for churches to congregate.


So far, Zimbabwe has confirmed two cases of the coronavirus, with one fatality recorded.

Globally, the virus has killed 17 250 people, while 396 200 have been infected.


FULL THREAD: Confusion As Wilkins And Parirenyatwa Reject Coronavirus Suspect

https://news.pindula.co.zw/2020/03/25/full-thread-confusion-as-wilkins-and-parirenyatwa-reject-coronavirus-suspect/


Norman Matara, the Treasurer of the Zimbabwe Association of Doctors for Human Rights, has said that the idea of designating Wilkins Hospital the institution for infectious diseases instead of tertiary hospitals including Parirenyatwa and Mpilo is not a noble one as the institution is incapacitated.

We present below Matara’s full Twitter thread.


1. The argument that Wilkins Hospital has no capacity to continue acting as the main referral centre for suspected and confirmed COVID-19 cases has been put beyond reasonable doubt. Forget the Zororo saga, I make reference to two events that happened yesterday.


2. Patient was seen at Parirenyatwa isolation tent in the afternoon. Very sick, Temp 39.7, had dyspnea, saturating @80%, referred to Wilkins. The city of Harare said no free ambulance. Parirenyatwa can’t take him in, protocol is they cant take suspected infectious cases. The patient was left for almost 6 hours.

Wilkins calls in the evening, say even if the patient was to walk or get private transport, they can’t take him in since they have poor lighting. Eventually said they would send ambulance around 2000hrs.


3. The patient was seen at Pari again. Possible contact, works on the till at a local food outlet. Had respiratory symptoms, shortness of breathing, Flue symptoms, sore throat, uses public transport to go home, Wilkins just refused to take in patient, said: “it’s after 6, we have poor lighting.”

The city of Harare is refusing the UN protocol of diagnosis, saying govt hospitals should treat, Gvt hospitals are saying we are not mandated, capacitated, or trained to manage infectious diseases. The patient is there and sick, and is caught in the middle.


Zimbabwe doctors issue corona threat

by Staff reporter

https://bulawayo24.com/index-id-news-sc-national-byo-181832.html


DOCTORS have warned that they will not attend to coronavirus patients unless authorities supply them with protective clothing and the necessary equipment, the Daily News reports.

This comes as Zimbabwe has recorded its first known death from the lethal virus after talented broadcaster Zororo Makamba succumbed to the disease at Wilkins Hospital yesterday.

Zororo, 30, was the youngest son of telecommunications tycoon and broadcasting legend James Makamba.

The treasurer of the Zimbabwe Association for Doctors for Human Rights (ZADHR), Norman Matara, told the Daily News yesterday that there continued to be an acute shortage of protective clothing and equipment, including intensive care unit (ICU) beds and ventilators.

"We are currently receiving very concerning information from some doctors and health care workers who are saying that if there is a case of coronavirus and they are called to attend to it they will not report to work, because there is no sufficient personal protective clothing and equipment to shield them from contracting the virus.

"Currently there is a shortage in personal protective clothing, for example N95 masks as well as protective suits — which places the lives of doctors, particularly those in district and provincial hospitals at risk.

"This is very concerning because if people who are supposed to be on the frontline, working to mitigate the situation, have no confidence in the health delivery system, then who will ensure that people are treated and that an outbreak is prevented?" Matara said.

In addition, he said, the government also needed to ensure that ICU beds and ventilators were availed, given that coronavirus patients often faced respiratory challenges and required intensive care support.

"From what we are seeing in other countries, in terms of coronavirus cases that are coming in, 18 percent require intensive care.

"In Harare, we have four ICU beds that are operational, two from Parirenyatwa Hospital and two from Harare Hospital — which means that we have four ventilators … for an ICU bed to be considered as operational, it has to have a monitor and ventilator.

"In Gweru, we have three operational ICU beds. This just goes to show the lack of preparedness in dealing with coronavirus that we are confronted with as a nation," Matara said further.

"Something needs to be done urgently to capacitate hospitals and health workers because we can't have a situation where health workers are expected to operate in a risky environment.

"They also have a right to life … This is what the doctors were calling for last year when they went on strike.

"But instead of addressing this, the government turned a deaf ear. Coronavirus has just exposed the incapacitation of the country's health workers," Matara added.

The former secretary-general of the Zimbabwe Hospital Doctors Association (ZHDA), Mthabisi Bhebhe, also raised similar concerns over the lack of ICU beds and ventilators.


"In Bulawayo, we have one functional ICU bed at the United Bulawayo Group of Hospitals (UBH) and three at Mpilo Hospital.

"Unfortunately, the Thorngrove Infectious Diseases Hospital which has been designated to deal with coronavirus does not have ICU beds, just like the Wilkins Hospital in Harare.

"We cannot count the ICU beds that are in central hospitals because they are there to deal with other cases, and the hospitals have not been designated to deal with coronavirus cases," Bhebhe said.

"What this means is that we are going to record deaths if cases of the virus increase in the country because we have no capacity to deal with it.

"Those who are going to survive are probably going to do so because of their immune system which might be strong enough to fight the disease," he added.

The president of the Senior Hospital Doctors Association (SHDA), Shingai Nyaguse, said in addition to availing personal protective equipment for doctors, there was also need to conduct training for doctors who were expected to handle cases of the virus.

"There was training of about 300 health workers which was done in Kadoma a few weeks ago, but that was more of an awareness training.

"Therefore, more needs to be done to train more healthcare workers on how to handle coronavirus cases, especially those in provincial and district hospitals.

"Training can even be done online where people can just log in and get all the necessary training on how to handle coronavirus cases," Nyaguse said.

Meanwhile, the Zimbabwe Professional Nurses Union (ZPNU) has also petitioned the government over a lack of personal protective equipment for healthcare workers.

"This petition seeks to bring the issue of nurses and all health care workers to the attention of the Zimbabwean government, Parliament, responsible authorities and the World Health Organisation (WHO) before health workers are wiped away by Covid-19 due to lack of personal protective equipment (PPE) and clothing.

"We are in dire need of protective equipment to help in the fight against this pandemic. We need N95 respirators, gowns, goggles and sanitisers, among other resources.

"The government must know that health workers are essential services … we don't want to be tempted to abandon patients due to lack of PPE," ZPNU said.

Health minister Obadiah Moyo conceded yesterday that the country had acute shortages of ICU beds, ventilators and protective clothing for doctors and nurses.

"We have put through an order for adequate protective equipment, to cover all our health workers and we are looking into the issue of ICUs and ventilators too.

"Those issues will soon be addressed adequately," Moyo said in response to questions from the Daily News


Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) Situation Report – 64


HIGHLIGHTS


• Four new countries/territories/areas from the South-East Asia Region [1], and Region of the Americas [3] have reported cases of COVID-19.


• WHO has delivered a new shipment of emergency medical supplies to the Islamic Republic of Iran as part of COVID-19 response measures. Details can be found on the WHO Regional Office for the Eastern Mediterranean here.


• The WHO WhatsApp Health Alert has now attracted 10 million users since launching Friday, and the COVID-19 Solidarity Response Fund has raised more than US$70 million, in just 10 days. The media briefing can be found here.


• WHO and FIFA launched a joint campaign to equip the football community to tackle COVID-19. This awareness campaign calls on all people around the world to follow the five key steps to stop the spread of the disease. More information can be found here.


• WHO and its partners are constantly working to strengthen the chains of essential COVID-19 supplies. As global demand rises, WHO and its partners aim to ensure assistance to areas most in need. More information can be found in Subject in Focus.



WHO : Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) Situation Report – 63


HIGHLIGHTS


• Three new countries/territories/areas from the African Region [1], Region of the Americas [1], and Eastern Mediterranean Region [1], have reported cases of COVID-19.


• The number of COVID-19 cases surpassed 300,000 globally. • Data reported are based on information received from national authorities by 10:00 AM CET, 23 March 2020.


• Diagnostic testing for COVID-19 is critical to tracking the virus, understanding epidemiology, informing case management, and to suppressing transmission. WHO has updated the Laboratory Testing Strategy document according to the 4Cs transmission scenarios. All technical guidance can be found here.


• WHO Regional Office for Europe has published interim guidance on how to deal with COVID-19 in prisons and other places of detention, available here.


• World Water Day 2020, celebrated on 22 March, highlighted the essential role of hand washing in hygiene to protect you and those around you.



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SI 2020-077 Public Health (COVID-19 Prevention, Containment and Treatment) Regulations, 2020

IT is hereby notified that the Minister of Health and Child Care has, in terms of section 68 of the Public Health Act [Chapter 15:17], made the following regulations:—Title1. (1) These regulations may be cited as the Public Health (COVID-19 Prevention and Containment) Regulations, 2020.Interpretation2. In these regulations—“area civil protection officer” means an area civil protection offi cer referred to in section 17 of the Civil Protection Act [Chapter 10:06];“COVID-19” means the Novel Coronavirus (2019-nCov), which is an infectious disease caused by a virus which, having emerged during 2019, was declared a global pandemic by the World Health Organisation on the 11th March, 2020;

Download File: 

📷 SI 2020-077 Public Health (COVID-19 Prevention, Containment and Treatment) Regulations, 2020.pdf



12 months jail for Covid-19 defiance

Mashudu Netsianda and Nqobile Tshili

Chronicle Reporters

24 MAR, 2020 - 00:03



https://www.chronicle.co.zw/12-months-jail-for-covid-19-defiance/


PRESIDENT Mnangagwa yesterday mourned journalist Zororo Makamba who became the first Zimbabwean to succumb to Covid-19 and announced a raft of measures to contain the virus.

He ordered the closure of all borders to human traffic and banned non-essential travel except for the movement of cargo.


The Government also promulgated Statutory Instrument (SI) 77 of 2020 that provides for up to 12 months imprisonment for people who gather in crowds of more than 50 people, likely to promote the spread of Covid-19.

Makamba (30) who had an underlying heart condition died at Wilkins Hospital in Harare yesterday morning.

He had been admitted to the hospital after testing positive for coronavirus as the country’s second patient after the first case was recorded on Friday in Victoria Falls.

In a statement, President Mnangagwa said he learnt with great shock and sadness of Makamba’s death as Government hoped he would recover.


“His passing on so suddenly has been unexpected as we had held high hopes also for his steady recovery following the good news about our first confirmed victim of the virus who has registered commendable recovery. Sadly, for Zororo, this was not to be as he had an underlying heart condition for which he had been receiving medical attention,” said President Mnangagwa.

“Zimbabwe has lost a promising young man from a crop of highly skilled and gifted youthful journalists striving to produce excellent local content and professionalism to broadcasting in this country.”

He extended his condolence message to the Makamba family.

“On behalf of Government, Zanu-PF, my family and on my own behalf, I wish to extend to the Makamba family, his relatives and friends, my heartfelt condolences on this their saddest loss which is our loss together,” he said.


In his address to the nation on additional measures towards enhancing Covid-19 prevention in Zimbabwe last night, the President said the closure of borders will not affect returning residents who will be subjected to rigorous screening on entering the country.


“While our borders remain open to essential traffic, both in the interest of our economy and that of corresponding economies of our region, we have decided to ban non-essential travel and traffic, both in-bound or out-bound. Except for the movement of cargo, Government will close all our borders to human traffic,” he said.

President Mnangagwa said screening on essential traffic will, however, continue to be strictly enforced in line with best practices and guidelines prescribed by the World Health Organisation (WHO).

“As announced previously, measures on designated border crossings remain in force. All our returning residents, will be subjected to strict screening procedures, including rigorous enforcement of the 21-day self-quarantine, which must not be breached for whatever reasons. Certificates of Covid-19 fitness especially from countries with high incidences of infections, would greatly assist all of us in controlling the pandemic both inside our country and globally,” he said.

The President urged citizens to desist from unnecessary travel in and around the country.

“Further, from now until further notice, Government discourages unnecessary travel in and around the country. To the extent possible, families are encouraged to postpone non-essential travel. Additionally, unnecessary movements beyond homes, including social visits to relatives and friends, should be avoided,” he said.

“Essential trips should be trimmed to the barest minimum, both by frequency and by numbers involved.”

President Mnangagwa also announced Government’s blanket ban on gatherings around recreational facilities such as nights clubs, bars, beerhalls, movie houses, swimming pools, gymnasiums and sporting activities until further notice.

“I am aware that this curtailment of social activities will be hard on all of us. However. Such tough measures have become necessary and unavoidable for our collective safety as a nation,” he said.


Hospital and clinics will enforce one visit per day with one relative allowed per patient with immediate effect.

The President also announced that the number of people in public gatherings has been reduced from 100 to 50 people and such gatherings include religious fellowships, weddings, conferences, workshops, meetings and funerals.

“Wherever possible, Government is encouraging automated electronic services in order to minimise human contact and interface. This is particularly important in dispensing essential services such as banking, payments of utilities and other services for which online options are available,” he said.

While, the Government will not at this stage close down informal markets, the President has however, urged citizens to limit their visits to such markets.

He said health and security personnel and other volunteer workers will be deployed in the markets to enhance screening services.

“All transport operators are encouraged to comply with public health measures which Government will be announcing shortly, all for the safety of commuters. These include screening on points of embarkation and occasional decontamination operations targeting public vehicles and depots,” said the President.


He said given the high multiplier nature of Covid-19, control and containment measures largely depend on the Government’s ability to track down and account for all persons who may have come in close contact with an infected person.

“Members of the public and especially families are required to cooperate with health personnel and law enforcement agencies deployed on such tracing operations,” said President Mnangagwa.

The President also urged employers and business associations to explore creative ways of reducing human concentrations at work stations.

“Additionally, they are also being encouraged to observe safe social distancing parameters as set out by WHO. Wherever possible, non-essential staff, or even essential staff whose services can be efficiently rendered from home, should be encouraged to take turns to work, or to serve from home, respectively,” he said.

President Mnangagwa also appealed to the business community to redouble their commitment towards social responsibilities in tackling the global pandemic.

He also urged those involved in the manufacturing and trading of materials essential in the fight against coronavirus such as sanitisers, protective clothing and masks to resist the temptation to callously feed fat on the current situation through extortionate pricing.


“Any evidence of irresponsible corporate misbehaviour will leave Government with no option but to come down heavily on offenders. We have to behave responsibly to protect the public,” said the President.

President Mnangagwa said he was aware of the plight of health personnel, describing them as front-liners in the fight against the pandemic. He said they deserved support and should be rewarded for their efforts.

So far more than 340 000 people have been infected globally while more than 14 000 people have since died.

Government has promulgated Statutory Instrument (SI) 77 of 2020 to govern conduct of members of the public in a bid to contain and prevent the spread of corona virus by banning public gatherings.

The Public Health (Covid-19 Prevention, Containment and Treatment) Regulations, 2020 criminalises events that can lead to members of the public spreading coronavirus.

Police will arrest individuals who violate the laid down procedures.

“Any person partaking at a gathering or convener thereof — (a) partakes in or convenes a gathering knowing that such gathering is prohibited in terms of subsection (1); or (b) refuses to disperse from a gathering after being ordered to disperse in terms of subsection (2)(a); shall be guilty of an offence and liable to fine not exceeding level 12 or to imprisonment for a period not exceeding one year or both such fine and such imprisonment,” reads the SI.

@mashnets

@nqotshili



Mnangagwa To Deal With Manufacturers Profiteering From Coronavirus

By Idah Mhetu

Posted on March 24, 2020 09:00am



https://www.newzimbabwe.com/mnangagwa-to-deal-with-manufacturers-profiteering-from-coronavirus/


PRESIDENT Emmerson Mnangagwa has said his government will come heavily on any manufacturer who wants to illegally profit from the coronavirus through charging extortionate prices.

He said while addressing the media at State House in Harare Monday where he was updating the nation on the coronavirus outbreak.

“I appeal to those involved in the manufacturing and trading of materials essential in the fight against coronavirus to resist the temptation of callously feeding fat on the current situation through extortionate pricing,” said Mnangagwa.

“These materials include protective clothing, masks and sanitisers among other items. Any evidence of irresponsible corporate misbehaviour will leave government with no option but to come down heavily on offenders. We will have to behave responsibly in order to protect the public.”


Mnangagwa also urged Zimbabweans to limit their visits to informal markets.

“Government will not at this stage close down informal markets and reduce the numbers involved as well as frequencies to these markets to these markets,” he said.

He said the government will also deploy security and health personnel to improve on screening for the virus in public places.

Mnangagwa also encouraged the people to use automated electronic services in order to minimise human contact and interface.

“Wherever possible, government is encouraging automated electronic services in order to minimise human contact and interface. This is particularly important in dispensing essential services such as banking, payment of utilities and other services for which online options are available,” he said.

Mnangagwa said the government would further release additional funding towards the procurement of more protective clothing.



Covid-19: Zororo Makamba dies

Evans Mathanda

Posted on March 23, 2020 2:32pm


https://www.theindependent.co.zw/2020/03/23/covid-19-zororo-makamba-dies/


HEALTH minister Obadiah Moyo has confirmed the death of prominent media personality Zororo Makamba.

He is the son of the prominent business man James Makamba. Zororo (30) was one of the two people who tested positive for the corona virus which is now a global pandemic and which has claimed more than 12 000 lives.

Zororo was admitted at Wilkins hospital in Harare after exhibiting symptoms of the virus.



Ministry of HealthZW@MoHCCZim·9hCOVID-19 Update: As at 01 June 2020, Zimbabwe and 203 confirmed cases, including 29 recoveries and four (4) deaths.


Ministry of HealthZW@MoHCCZim·May 31COVID-19 Update: As at 31 May 2020, Zimbabwe had 178 confirmed cases, including 29 recoveries and four (4) deaths.


📷Ministry of HealthZW@MoHCCZim·May 30COVID-19 Update: As at 30 May 2020 Zimbabwe had 174 confirmed cases, including 29 recoveries and four (4) deaths.


Ministry of HealthZW@MoHCCZim·May 30COVID-19 Update: As at 29 May 2020 Zimbabwe had 160 confirmed cases, including 29 recoveries and four (4) deaths.


Ministry of HealthZW@MoHCCZim·May 29COVID-19 Update: As at 28 May 2020, Zimbabwe had 149 confirmed cases, including 28 recoveries and four (4) deaths.


Ministry of HealthZW@MoHCCZim·May 27COVID-19 Update: As at 27 May 2020, Zimbabwe had 132 confirmed cases, including 25 recoveries and four (4) deaths.


Ministry of HealthZW@MoHCCZim·3hCOVID-19 Update: As at 4 May 2020, Zimbabwe had 34 confirmed cases, including five (5) recoveries and four(4) deaths.


Ministry of HealthZW@MoHCCZim·4hCOVID-19 Update: As at 29 April Zimbabwe had 40 confirmed cases, including five (5) recoveries and four (4) deaths.


Ministry of HealthZW@MoHCCZim·3hCOVID-19 Update: As at 28 April Zimbabwe had 32 confirmed cases, including five (5) recoveries and four (4) deaths.


Ministry of HealthZW@MoHCCZim·8hCOVID-19 Update: As at 21 April Zimbabwe had 28 confirmed cases, including three (3) deaths. Two (2) people have recovered.


Ministry of HealthZW@MoHCCZim·12hCOVID-19 Update: As at 16 April Zimbabwe had 24 confirmed cases, including three (3) deaths. Two (2) people have recovered.


Ministry of HealthZW@MoHCCZimCOVID-19 Update: As at 14 April Zimbabwe had 18 confirmed cases, including three (3) deaths. One (1) person has recovered.


Ministry of HealthZW@MoHCCZimCOVID-19 Update: As at 13 April Zimbabwe had 17 confirmed cases, including three (3) deaths.


Ministry of HealthZW@MoHCCZim·28mThis is a Gene Expert Machine (plus cartridge) which would be used for COVID-19 testing in addition to the PCR machines, in a bid to scale up testing. The country has a total of 167 Gene Expert machines, 132 of which are housed in public health institutions.


Ministry of HealthZW@MoHCCZim·5hCOVID-19 Update. Results from the other 5 tests are still pending.


Ministry of HealthZW@MoHCCZim·12hCOVID-19 Update: As at 10 April Zimbabwe had 13 confirmed cases, including three (3) deaths.


Ministry of HealthZW@MoHCCZim·15hCOVID-19 Update: As at 8 April Zimbabwe had 11 confirmed cases, including three (3) deaths.


Ministry of HealthZW@MoHCCZim·13hCOVID-19 Update: As at 6 April Zimbabwe had 10 confirmed cases, including one (1) death.


Ministry of HealthZW@MoHCCZim·14hCOVID-19 Update: As at 5 April Zimbabwe had 9 confirmed cases, including one (1) death.


Ministry of HealthZW@MoHCCZim·21hWe appreciate your reportage @DailyNewsZim on Covid-19 news, but your screaming headline is giving false impression that all the tests which were done in Zimbabwe produced wrong results. Dr Obadiah Moyo clearly pointed out that defective kits were not used.


Ministry of HealthZW@MoHCCZim·21hCOVID-19 Update: As at 30 March Zimbabwe had 8 confirmed cases, including one (1) death.


Ministry of HealthZW@MoHCCZim·13hDay 1 of National Lockdown in pictures: People heed calls to stay at home, while essential services remain accessible.


📷Zimbabwe College of Public Health Physicians@zcphp·17hMoHCC Covid-19 updates, 27 March 2020 - total of 7 cases now confirmed in Zim -3 cases are local transmission -6 cases are from Harare -21 day lockdown starting Monday 30 March


Hon. Temba P. Mliswa@TembaMliswaIn an attempt to protect the residents of Norton, I’ve issued Sunny Yi Feng Tiles a letter to cease operations. We have to do all we can to prevent the spread of COVID-19. The congestion at the site & influx of Chinese without proper screening was just too potentially harmful


Ministry of HealthZW@MoHCCZimToday @mohcczim with the University of Zimbabwe, Zimbabwe Field Epidemiology Training Program are conducting awareness campaigns on COVID-19 in Budiriro 5, road show in Mbare, and Glen view 1,3, 8


The Herald Zimbabwe@HeraldZimbabweZimbabwe now has five confirmed cases of people who tested positive for Covid-19, Health and Child Care permanent secretary Dr Agnes Mahomva said in statement.

Heart and Soul TV Radio@HStvZim·39sNurses withdraw their services with immediate effect in the midst of #COVID2019 @NewsDayZimbabwe @bbmhlanga @therealprincea

Ministry of HealthZW@MoHCCZim·12mCompulsory testing powers gazetted . . as 3rd Covid-19 suspect tests positive


The Telegraph@Telegraph·📷 BREAKING: Prince Charles has tested positive for Coronavirus He has been displaying mild symptoms but otherwise remains in good health and has been working from home throughout the last few days as usual All the latest #coronavirus 📷


Ministry of HealthZW@MoHCCZimStay calm!!!! This is not a Whatsapp group & you will not be spammed. It only provides you with correct, factual up to date information from @MoHCCZim using an interactive menu. 📷Share also your loved ones.


📷Henrietta H. Fore@unicefchief·1hTomorrow I will be joining @antonioguterres, @DrTedros and @UNReliefChief to launch the #COVID19 Global Humanitarian Response Plan. You can watch live on @UNWebTV at 10h00 EST / 14h00 GMT.


📷ZBC News Online@ZBCNewsonline·2h#COVID19 MASVINGO ALERT: Health Ministry @MoHCCZim says pregnant adult woman presented at Masvingo Hospital with history of dry cough, shortness of breath, chest pains but no fever; also recent SA travel. Specimen taken, results to be revealed later. @InfoMinZW, @nickmangwana


City of Harare@cohsunshinecity·2hWilkins Hospital is currently being refurbished. The upgrading to be completed soon.Quote Tweet📷Chinese Ambassador to Zimbabwe@China_Amb_Zim · Mar 16A thorough upgrading of the Wilkins hospital has started. It's donated by three Chinese private enterprises. It's not only for coping with coronavirus, but also for enhancing the hospital's capability to handle other infectious diseases in the future.


📷Ministry of HealthZW@MoHCCZim·13m#Covid19Zim Update The second case of COVID-19 who passed away yesterday at Wilkins Hospital, was buried today under supervision as per Public Act. - A 3rd positive case was confirmed today after tests were conducted at the National Microbiology Reference Laboratory.


Patrick Zhuwao@PatrickZhuwao·3hRequest for @ChineseZimbabwe to send this URGENT SOS for President Xi Jinping to assist #Zimbabwe deal with #coronavirus as advised by @WHO DG @DrTedros @AfricaCDC - Zim needs help to avert #Covid_19 calamity📷 #ZimbabweCovid19SOS


Ministry of HealthZW@MoHCCZim·45m#Covid19Zim Update for 23 March 2020. A very sad day today as one of the two positve cases died today. Today, the National Reference Lab tested a total of 15 cases & all tested Negative.


Ministry of HealthZW@MoHCCZim·27mReplying to @MoHCCZimHospital visits have been reduced to one person per day, involving relative per patient.



Ministry of HealthZW@MoHCCZim·26m2. Gvt has put a blanket ban on gathering in nightclubs, bars, beerhalls, movie houses, swimming pools, gyms and sporting activities. 3. Public gatherings should not exceed 50 people. These include religious fellowships, conferences, workshops & funerals



📷Ministry of HealthZW@MoHCCZim·52mHand over of ICT equipment for Public Health Emergency operation to the Minster Of Health & Child Care Hon Obadiah Moyo. The handover was done at Parirenyatwa Hospital by Minister of ICT Hon Jenfan Musvere.



#BREAKING: Zim Finally Shuts Boarders Due To Covid-19

https://healthtimes.co.zw/2020/03/23/breaking-zim-finally-shuts-boarders-due-to-covid-19/

ZIMBABWE President Emerson Mnangagwa has announced the closure of all the country’s boarder posts in a move set to reduce the spread of the Coronavirus (COVIDー19).

By Michael Gwarisa G

Giving his state of the nation address on Covid19, President Mangagwa said public gatherings have also been reduced from 100 to 50.

“From now on till further notice, Government discourages unnecessary travel within the country. Unnecessary visits to friends and relatives should be minimized. With immediate effect government imposes a ban on beer-halls until further notice.

“It has become necessary for our safety as a nation. Visits to hospitals have been reduced to once a day and one visitor per patient. Public gatherings are now limited to a maximum of 50.”

While government will not close informal markets, citizens are encouraged to limit their visits there. All transport operators are encouraged to comply with measures to be announced soon, says President Mnangagwa.


BANC ABC Zimbabwe has put four of its employees who had a meeting with Zoro Makamba, the first casualty of Coronavirus (COVID-19) in Zimbabwe.

By Michael Gwarisa

https://healthtimes.co.zw/2020/03/23/banc-abc-quarantines-four-employees-over-covid-19/


Zoro Makamba succumbed to symptoms of Covid-19 early this morning at Wilkins Infectious disease hospital.

In a statement, the banks managing director, Dr Lance Mambondiani said the deceased had visited their Mount Pleasant campus on Tuesday, 17 March, 2020 at 11:30 am where he met four of their staff members for about 15 minutes.

The bank was subsequently advised that the patient had tested positive for Covid-19 on Saturday morning and immediately activated recommended protocols in consultation with the City Health Department.

“Out of the abundance of caution, all employees who interacted with the patient and their contact persons were immediately identified for further management. Whilst none of the effected employees have shown any symptoms, prevention measures which include a 14 day self-quarantine, as per health officials guidelines, have been activated,” said Dr Mabondiani.


He added that they have activated Covid-19 prevention measures across all its branches across the globe as well as sanitising of their head office and branches.


“We take the health of our staff and customers seriously. The bank remains committed to creating a safe environment for all our stakeholders and has put together necessary interventions and resilient protocols to enable business continuity through this crisis.”


Hopewell Chin’ono-Journalist@daddyhope·29mDon’t listen to @realDonaldTrump and take chloroquine which hasn’t been prescribed by a qualified doctor. Donald Trump is not a doctor, he is a businessman who became President. https://google.co.uk/amp/s/amp.cnn.com/cnn/2020/03/23/health/arizona-coronavirus-chloroquine-death/index.html